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Operations

 ItalyAbroadTotalItalyAbroadTotal
 20162015
Net electricity generated by Enel (TWh)60.9200.9261.868.5215.5284.0
Electricity transported on the Enel distribution network (TWh) (1)223.5202.5426.0227.1200.3427.4
Electricity sold by Enel (TWh) (2)94.1168.9263.088.0172.1260.1
Gas sales to end users (billions of m3(3)4.66.010.64.15.39.4
Employees at period-end (no.) (4)31,95630,12462,08033,04034,87467,914

(1) The figure for 2015 reflects a more accurate measurement of amounts transported.
(2) Excluding sales to resellers.
(3) The figure for 2015 reflects a more accurate measurement of amounts sold.
(4) Of which 4,301 in units classified as “held for sale” at December 31, 2015.

Net electricity generation by source

Net electricity generated by Enel in 2016 decreased by 22.2 TWh on 2015 (-7.8%), due to the decrease in amounts generated in Italy (-7.6 TWh) and abroad (-14.6 TWh). The decline in generation in Italy is mainly attributable to the contraction in demand, lower water availability and an increase in stoppages at thermal generation plants for maintenance. Abroad, the reduction reflects the deconsolidation at the end of July of Slovenské elektrárne (-8.6 TWh), drought conditions in Latin America caused by “El Niño”, and an increase in power imported in Spain, which penalized generation on the Iberian peninsula.
As regards the technology mix, the change is mainly attributable to a decrease in coal-fired generation (-13.3 TWh), nuclear generation (-6.4 TWh) and hydroelectric generation (-5.9 TWh).
These effects were only partly offset by an increase in wind generation (+2.1 TWh) and solar generation (+0.5 TWh).
Finally, 33% of the electricity generated by Enel in 2016 came from renewable sources (31% in 2015).

Electricity transported on the Enel distribution network in 2016 amounted to 426.0 TWh, down 1.4 TWh (-0.3%), essentially reflecting the decline in demand in Italy, only partially offset by the increase in amounts transported in Spain and Romania.

Electricity sold by geographical area (2016)

Electricity sold by Enel in 2016 amounted to 263.0 TWh, up 2.9 TWh (+1.1%) on the previous year, reflecting the increase in amounts sold on markets in Italy (+6.1 TWh, with the largest increase coming in the business customer segment) and Spain (+0.6 TWh), only partly offset by a decrease in amounts sold in France and Slovakia (a total of 3.5 TWh following the Group’s exit from those markets after deconsolidation) and in Latin America (-0.3 TWh).

At December 31, 2016, Enel Group employees numbered 62,080 (a decrease of 5,834 on the end of 2015). The decrease reflects the net balance of new hires and terminations (-1,554) and the change in the scope of consolidation (-4,280 overall), which included the deconsolidation of Slovenské elektrárne, Enel France and Marcinelle Energie.


No.  
 at 31.12.2016at 31.12.2015 restated
Italy29,32130,374
Iberia9,69510,225
Latin America12,97912,802
Europe and North Africa (1)5,85810,367
North and Central America891810
Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia185120
Other3,1513,216
Total62,08067,914

(1) Of which 4,301 in units classified as “held for sale” at December 31, 2015.